Management of Muscle Spasticity in Children with Cerebral Palsy by Means of Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy: A Systematic Review of the Literature.
The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate the effectiveness of extracorporeal shockwave therapy for the management of muscle spasticity in children with cerebral palsy. An electronic database search was performed to identify studies relevant to the research question. Assessment of the quality of evidence in all relevant studies was performed with the help of the Oxford Center for Evidence-based Medicine guide. Four studies met our inclusion criteria for review: one was a low-quality randomized controlled clinical trial, two were individual case-control studies and one was a case series study. Reduction in muscle stiffness and improvement in joint range of motion were the outcomes in all of the selected studies that used extracorporeal shockwave therapy. However, considering the limited evidence provided by these studies, further research is needed to support the use of extracorporeal shockwave therapy in the management of muscle spasticity in children with cerebral palsy.