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Effect of neuromuscular electrical stimulation in a patient with Sjogren’s syndrome with dysphagia: a real time videofluoroscopic swallowing study.
Severe dysphagia in a 54 year-old woman with Sjogren’s syndrome with involvement of multiple cranial nerves significantly improved after treatment with neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) in combination with a swallowing rehabilitation program. The swallowing response was assessed in real time using a videofluoroscope. Immediate improvement in the tongue retraction force,...