Rehabilitation of syndesmotic (high) ankle sprains.

High ankle sprains are common in athletes who play contact sports. Most high ankle sprains are treated nonsurgically with a rehabilitation program. All years of PUBMED, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, CINAHL PLUS, SPORTDiscuss, Google Scholar, and Web of Science were searched to August 2010, cross-referencing existing publications. Keywords included...

Rheumatoid arthritis: the role of the kinder and gentler therapies.

Rehabilitative therapies, as adjuncts to pharmacological and surgical therapies in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), help minimize pain and inflammation, improve functional capabilities, and, above all, enhance quality of life. The effects of heat, cold, and electrical stimulation on neurohumoral, inflammatory, and immunological mechanisms has been noted, although knowledge about their mode...

The role of physical agents in modulating pain.

This article presents a review of the literature on the use of physical agents in modulating pain associated the hand and upper extremity musculoskeletal conditions. The physical agents presented include superficial heating agents, cryotherapy, ultrasound, and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation. There has been increased interest in modes of transdermal drug...

[Therapy of hyperhidrosis with tap water iontophoresis. Positive effect on healing time and lack of recurrence in hand-foot eczema].

Hyperhidrosis is due to an overfunction of eccrine glands (triggered by the autonomous nervous system) and may be a cofactor for palmoplantar eczema (dermatitis). Tapwater iontophoresis was used in 54 patients with hyperhidrosis manuum et pedum. After 10 applications directed by the dermatologist, 89% of patients noted an improvement in...

Transdermal approaches to pain in sports injury management.

There is much lore about training room treatments for common overuse and traumatic musculoskeletal injuries. This review looks at the evidence behind many of the common transdermal treatments that are purported to reduce pain and inflammation and improve function. These include cryotherapy, laser treatments, electrical stimulation, ultrasound and phonophoresis, extracorporeal...

Treatment of tendinopathy: what works, what does not, and what is on the horizon.

Tendinopathy is a broad term encompassing painful conditions occurring in and around tendons in response to overuse. Recent basic science research suggests little or no inflammation is present in these conditions. Thus, traditional treatment modalities aimed at controlling inflammation such as corticosteroid injections and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory medications (NSAIDS) may not...

Management of chronic tendon injuries.

Chronic tendon injuries present unique management challenges. The assumption that these injuries result from ongoing inflammation has caused physicians to rely on treatments demonstrated to be ineffective in the long term. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs should be limited in the treatment of these injuries. Corticosteroid injections should be considered for temporizing...

Subacromial impingement syndrome–effectiveness of physiotherapy and manual therapy.

The subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS) includes the rotator cuff syndrome, tendonitis and bursitis of the shoulder. Treatment includes surgical and non-surgical modalities. Non-surgical treatment is used to reduce pain, to decrease the subacromial inflammation, to heal the compromised rotator cuff and to restore satisfactory function of the shoulder. To select...

Transdermal iontophoretic delivery of celecoxib from gel formulation.

Celecoxib is used in the treatment of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, acute pain, joint inflammation and sport injuries. Long term administration of the drug results in such complications as gastrointestinaland renal disturbances and cardio-vascular complications. The main objective of the present study was to investigate the feasibility of delivering celecoxib incorporated...

The ultraviolet B inflammation model: postinflammatory hyperpigmentation and validation of a reduced UVB exposure paradigm for inducing hyperalgesia in healthy subjects.

Pain models are commonly used in drug development to demonstrate analgesic activity in healthy subjects and should therefore not cause long-term adverse effects. The ultraviolet B (UVB) model is a model for inflammatory pain in which three times the minimal erythema dose (3MED) is typically applied to induce sensitisation. Based...

Translate ยป